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Can Common Cold be Cured?

For a long time now, there hasn’t been any definitive cure to treating common cold. While there have been symptomatic treatments, there was never any cure aimed at eliminating the common cold itself. The problem with conditions such as the common cold and HIV AIDS is the fact that they are viral diseases. Most medicines of our times are built for curing bacterial infections, and are largely made from fungi. But as fungi is ineffective and not a match for virus, a slew of viral infections have largely remained incurable.

The family of viruses causing common cold are known as rhinoviruses, a large family of viruses with several hundred variants. A few viral diseases are tackled through vaccination, and such a method is only feasible when we have zeroed in on a virus or two. In the case of common cold, we have hundreds of variants of viruses, meaning that each kind requires a vaccine, thereby making vaccination infeasible and ineffective. Nonetheless, there have been a few determined set of individuals sprawling across the globe, tiring away to find a cure for this ghastly medical condition. One such driven and determined individual is Professor Ed Tate from the Imperial College London.

According to the research performed by the aforementioned professor and his colleagues, it was revealed that the combination of two particular molecules resulted in a compound that can be used to block an enzyme found in human cells known as NMT. Now the enzyme NMT provides a helping hand to the rhinoviruses in their journey towards spreading all across the human body. In the absence of NMT, cold virus cannot spread across the human body; moreover, all variants of rhinovirus require NMT, meaning that the new compound could potentially hold the key to unlocking the cure for the common cold. Known with the codename of IMP-1088, this compound is at the center of great attention.

“A drug like this could be extremely beneficial if given early in infection, and we are working on making a version that could be inhaled so that it gets to the lungs quickly,” says Professor Ed Tate.

Section 1  Read the text below and answer Questions 1-14

Questions 1-7

Complete the summary below.

Choose NO MORE THAN TWO WORDS from the text for each answer.

Write your answers in boxes 1-7 on your answer sheet.

Common cold has been a rampant condition affecting people all over the world. With only  1
treatments available, curing common cold has been a huge challenge.  2
such as common cold cannot be cured by medicines derived from fungi, as a result of which several viral infections remained 3
. Known as    4
, they are a large family of viruses that cause the common cold. A set of determined professionals including Professor   5
from the Imperial College London may have finally found a cure for the common cold. Based on the research, it was revealed that a combination of two molecules gave rise to a compound for blocking an enzyme known as   6
. Known under the codename of   7
, blocking the enzyme can potentially cure the common cold.

Questions 8-14

Complete the notes below. Choose NO MORE THAN THREE WORDS from the text for each answer. Write your answers in boxes 8–14 on your answer sheet.

8

The  are responsible for the actual activity of braking in an ABS system.

9

ABS is a smart system as it continuously  tires.

10

The three major components of ABS are wheel speed sensors, hydraulic units, and  .

11

In the olden days when ABS wasn’t around,  was a technique employed by professional drivers.

12

A few ABS systems work on     alone.

13

Due to abrupt braking, the steering is rendered useless and the     of the vehicle cannot be controlled.

14

ABS helps retain car control by preventing     during heavy braking.

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